Disaster Risk Reduction
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is a process for reducing disaster risks. Its objective is to lessen the socio-economic vulnerability of a society to disaster. It addresses environmental, social, and economic hazards and aims to reduce the number of disasters that occur. It aims to help develop disaster preparedness, recovery, and resilience by strengthening communities.
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction
International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction is a day dedicated to encouraging governments and citizens to work together to reduce the risk of disasters. The day promotes disaster reduction in many ways, including implementing policies to help local communities prepare for natural disasters.
Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is a comprehensive set of global and regional initiatives that aim to reduce the risk of disasters. The framework calls for the development of common definitions of risk and disasters and the development of methodologies and models for assessing and managing disaster risks. It also calls for developing a common terminology for disaster risk reduction.
Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction
The seventh Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is convening in Bali, Indonesia on 23-28 May. The platform is an opportunity for governments, civil society and other stakeholders to discuss the latest trends and challenges in disaster risk reduction. This year’s theme is “Covinavirus epidemic: The role of disaster risk reduction in the fight against pandemic diseases.”
World Reconstruction Conference (WRC)
The World Reconstruction Conference (WRC) for Disaster Risk Reduction is one of the key global conferences on disaster risk reduction. It is a meeting of decision-makers from different sectors and countries, who come together to discuss best practices in disaster recovery. The conference also provides a platform for sharing innovative communication and planning technologies.
Incident Command System
An Incident Command System is a strategic plan to coordinate responses and minimize the impact of disasters. The system involves the coordination of multiple disciplines. The incident commander is responsible for all decisions and is supported by a team of officers, including a safety officer, security officer, public information officer, liaison officer, and other personnel. The plan also includes the coordination of logistics, including systems for checking in and out personnel, equipment, and chemicals/treatments.
Disaster risk is not distributed equally among the population. Some individuals are more vulnerable to natural hazards than others. Social, economic, and environmental factors can lead to increased vulnerability. As a result, people are disproportionately affected by disasters. These hazards can threaten health and livelihood. The environment, which is the foundation for human well-being, can be a source of opportunities and resources for coping with natural hazards.
Climate-related disasters are increasingly widespread and are becoming a serious concern for communities. In fact, last year, more than four out of 10 Americans lived in a county that experienced extreme weather. Eighty percent of counties experienced at least one heat wave. Because the United States generates more greenhouse gases than any other country, global warming is increasing the amount of damage and the risk of future disasters. Last year, climate-related disasters caused 656 deaths and cost an estimated $104 billion.
Opportunity cost of disasters
Natural disasters can have a profound impact on the economy. They shift basic economic parameters, including savings, depreciation, and productivity growth, from a steady state to an unstable state. As a result, the impact of a natural disaster can be long-lasting.